Antidepressants are drugs that prevent and relieve depression. The discovery of such drugs in the 50s of the last century caused a real revolution in the field of applied psychology. Prior to this, various substances that cause euphoria and have a stimulating effect (caffeine, ginseng, opium and other opiates) have been used to treat manic-depressive conditions.
How to choose an antidepressant of a certain type?
Depending on the action, all antidepressants are divided into several main groups:
- TCA – Tricyclic antidepressants. This type belongs to the very first antidepressants, which were invented in the 50s of the 20th century. The basis of such drugs is carbonic Borromean ring. This group includes amyltryptine, nortriptyline and imipramine.
- IMAO – monoamine oxidase inhibitors. These funds are prescribed for atypical depression (the symptoms of which are opposite to typical depression), if, after taking tricyclic antidepressants, there has been no improvement. In addition, in some cases, MAOI is preferable in comparison with TCAs, since they have not a sedative effect, but a stimulating effect. Possible side effects when taking these drugs are fingers’ swelling, sleep disorder, reduced potency, weight gain, pressure fluctuations, dizziness, an increase in heartbeat. It is also important to know that it is not allowed to use certain foods selecting antidepressants of this type. Moreover, the list of prohibited foods is rather unusual: red wine, beer, pickles, soy products, fish, sour cream, legumes, pickled and sauerkraut, seasoned cheeses, ripe figs. In addition, a number of drugs are not combined with MAOI. For the above reasons, this class of anti-depressant drugs must be prescribed with caution.
- SSRI – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. This class of antidepressants belongs to the latest inventions which list of side effects are significantly reduced. However, SSRIs have a serious disadvantage – a high price. The effect of such drugs is to improve the supply of brain cells with serotonin – a hormone that improves our mood. This group of antidepressants includes Luvox (fluvoxamine), Paxil (paroxetine), Prozac (fluoxetine) and Zoloft (sertraline).
How to choose antidepressant correctly?
There is an opinion that only weak-willed people take antidepressants. At the same time, it is normal to choose antidepressants during an exacerbation, for example, polyarthritis or hypertension. And it happens because few people understand that depression is the same disease that needs to be treated. You need to get rid of the pain – both physical and mental. Many are concerned about the issue of addiction to antidepressants. Doctors give an unequivocal answer to this question – these drugs are not addictive, regardless of the period of treatment. Antidepressants only help the body restore the mechanisms of its performance, which were disturbed by the depressive state.
How do antidepressants work?
As stated by Trusted Tablets, the action of antidepressants is aimed at correcting the work of individual mechanisms of the brain. Usually, the effect of the drug is not immediately apparent; it takes at least 14 days from the start of the intake to the positive effect appearance. Antidepressants act in a different way on all people – someone, with the help of such drugs, forgets about depression forever and comes to life again, someone gets rid of depressive syndromes, and other people have not taken antidepressants at all. Do not rush to rank yourself in any of the above categories, everything is individual. A stable result can manifest itself only after a few months. Antidepressants are often prescribed with other treatment methods. They are unlikely to fill your inner world with light and completely relieve from all depressive experiences, but they can give such a necessary feeling of stability and ease the signs of depression.